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TRAUMATIC ALOPECIA

TRAUMATIC ALOPECIA

Trichotillomania:

This is a hair loss condition caused by the harsh pull of the hair. The scalp is the most affected area, followed by eyelashes and eyebrows. Trichotillomania most often occurs in early adolescence period between the ages of 4-17.

Since it is a behavioral habit, it is considered as a psychiatric diagnosis and studied under the zone of obsessive-compulsive disease. Psychiatric consultation is recommended. It is very difficult to treat without the help of a counselor and / or psychiatric medication. There is some evidence that Nasethysteine, which interacts with the GABA receptor, may help to eliminate this condition. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants can be used during the treatment.

Traction Alopecia:

This type of hair loss, caused by breakage and thinning along the frontal hairline and sides, is most commonly seen in African women. Tight braids, sewn or glued-on braids or wigs can cause this condition. Also gymnasts can be affected because of the tight bun or hair style. Hair transplantation and topical minoxidil can be used in the treatment.

Pressure-induced Alopecia:

It generally develops due to bed pressure, those who stay in a coma for a long time, those who are hospitalized with limited head movements, and babies who are swaddled are candidates for this disease. Hair loss is observed on the hairy area where scalp touches to pillow.

The release of the pressure and minoxidil can be used in the treatment and also hair transplantation can be applied to the resistant cases.